Diego Vázquez

I am a biologist broadly interested in ecology, with an emphasis on community ecology, plant-animal interactions, especially pollination and other plant-animal mutualisms, ecological networks, and invasions biology. I am a CONICET Principal Researcher at the Argentine Institute for Dryland Research (IADIZA), in Mendoza, Argentina. I am also an Associate Professor at the National University of Cuyo, where I teach Ecology, Conservation biology, and graduate-level courses. I am currently on sabbatical from both of these jobs, working as an External Senior Fellow at the Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies (FRIAS), University of Freiburg, Germany, until July 2017. In addition, I serve as an associate editor of the journals Ecología Austral and Proceedings of the Royal Society B, and as a member of IADIZA’s Advisory Board.

My past history includes being born and growing up in San Fernando, Buenos Aires, Argentina, studing Biology at the University of Buenos Aires, doing a Ph.D. at the University of Tennesse, Knoxville, and working as a post-doc at the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (NCEAS), at the University of California, Santa Barbara. If you want to know even more details about me, check out my publications, my Google Scholar, ORCID and ResearchGate profiles, or my CV. You can also contact me by sending me an e-mail, giving me a phone call (+54 261 524 4121), or visiting me in Freiburg (until July 2017) or Mendoza (from August 2017).


Word cloud of the co-authors of my publications. Font size is proportional to the number of journal papers and book chapters we have co-authored. Drawn with R package wordcloud. Last update: 14 May, 2015. See the co-author hall of fame for some pictures.

My research is highly collaborative. Although I have published a few solo papers, most of my publications have been done in close collaboration with colleagues in my group and at many other institutions worldwide, as shown by the word cloud of my co-authors on the right. This social, collaborative aspect of science is to me one of the nicest parts of my job; my research would simply not be possible without the enormous contribution of my many excellent collaborators (see my co-author hall of fame for some pictures).

Below you can find a full list of my publications, including journal papers and book chapters, special issues of journals I have edited, theses, and short commentaries and book reviews.

Journal papers and book chapters

Submitted (in review)

73. Carrara R, Vázquez DP, Flores GE, Scollo AM. Assessing the mechanisms behind the climate-species richness relationships: a test of multiple hypotheses using tenebrionid beetles from mountain environments.

72. Drack JME, Vázquez DP. Morphological response of a cactus to cement dust pollution.

71. Vitale N, Gonzalez VH, Vázquez DP. Nesting ecology of sympatric species of wool carder bees (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae: Anthidium) in South America.

70. Peralta G, Stevani EL, Chacoff NP, Dorado J, Vázquez DP. Plant-bee networks across a post-fire age gradient.

69. Schiesari L, Prado PIKL, Leibold MA, Albert C, Brancalion HS, Cabeza M, Coutinho R, Diniz Filho JAF, Fournier B, Howeth J, Lahr D, Leroux S, Lewinsohn TM, Martins M, Matias MG, Morsello C, Pardini R, Peres-Neto PR, Pillar V, Siqueira T, Vázquez DP. The why, when and how of applied metaecology.

68. Chillo V, Vázquez DP, Amoroso MM, Bennett EM. Land use intensity and functional identity drive ecosystem processes and services in a temperate forest.

67. Souza JMT, Vázquez DP, Varassin IG. Plant-pollinator network response to restoration in the Atlantic Forest.

66. Chacoff NP, Resasco J, Vázquez DP. Interaction persistence in a plant-pollinator network driven by frequent interactions at the network core.


65. Marrero HJ, Torretta JP, Vázquez DP, Hodara K, Medan D. Exotic plants promote pollination niche overlap in agroecosystems. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 239: 304-309

64. Mazzolari AC, Marrero HJ, Vázquez DP. Potential contribution to the invasion process of different reproductive strategies of two invasive roses. Biological Invasions, doi:10.1007/s10530-016-1315-y

63. Vitale N, Vázquez DP. Ecology and nesting biology of the wood-boring bee Trichothurgus laticeps (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) in a Monte desert reserve in mid-western Argentina. Apidologie 48: 31-40

62. Vázquez DP, Gianoli E, Morris WF, Bozinovic F. Ecological and evolutionary impacts of increasing climatic variability. Biological Reviews 92: 22-42


61. Dorado J, Vázquez DP. Flower diversity and bee reproduction in an arid ecosystem. PeerJ 4: e2250

60. Aschero V, Morris WF, Vázquez DP, Álvarez JA, Villagra PE. Demography and population growth rate of the tree Prosopis flexuosa with contrasting grazing regimes in the Central Monte Desert. Forest Ecology and Management 369: 184-190

59. Fort H, Vázquez DP, Lan BL. Abundance and generalization in mutualistic networks: solving the chicken-and-egg dilemma. Ecology Letters 19: 4-11


58. Vázquez DP, Ramos-Jiliberto R, Urbani P, Valdovinos FS. A conceptual framework for studying the strength of plant–animal mutualistic interactions. Ecology Letters 18: 385-400

57. Alma AM, Pol RG, Pacheco LF, Vázquez DP. No defensive role of ants throughout a broad latitudinal and elevational range of a cactus. Biotropica 47: 347-354


56. Aizen MA, Morales CL, Vázquez DP, Garibaldi LA, Sáez A, Harder LD. When mutualism goes bad: density-dependent impacts of introduced bees on plant reproduction. New Phytologist 204: 322-328

55. Chamberlain S, Vázquez DP, Carvalheiro L, Elle E, Vamosi JC. Phylogenetic tree shape and the structure of mutualistic networks. Journal of Ecology 102: 1234-1243

54. Kaiser-Bunbury CN, Vázquez DP, Stang M, Ghazoul J. Determinants of the microstructure of plant-pollinator networks. Ecology 95: 3314-3324

53. Dorado J, Vázquez DP. The diversity-stability relationship in floral resources. Oikos 123: 1137-1143


52. Maldonado MB, Lomáscolo SB, Vázquez DP. The importance of pollinator generalization and abundance for the reproductive success of a generalist plant. PLoS ONE 8: e75482

51. Eklöf A, Jacob U, Kopp JC, Bosch J, Castro-Urgal R, Chacoff NP, Dalsgaard B, de Sassi C, Galetti M, Guimarães PR, Lomáscolo SB, Martín-González AM, Pizo MA, Rader R, Rodrigo A, Tylianakis JM, Vázquez DP, Allesina S. The dimensionality of ecological networks. Ecology Letters 16: 577-583


50. Vitule JRS, Freire CA, Vázquez DP, Nuñez MA, Simberloff D. Revisiting the potential conservation value of non-native species. Conservation Biology 26: 1153-1155.

49. Vázquez DP, Gianoli E, Gonzáles WL, Hierro JL, Pacheco LF, Valladares F. ¿Es necesaria la teoría ecológica para la conservación de la biodiversidad? Revista Boliviana de Ecología y Conservación Ambiental 29: 65-72.

48. Vázquez DP, Lomáscolo SB, Maldonado MB, Chacoff NP, Dorado J, Stevani EL, Vitale NL. The strength of plant-pollinator interactions. Ecology 93: 719-725.

47. Chacoff NP, Vázquez DP, Lomáscolo SB, Stevani EL, Dorado J, Padrón B. Evaluating sampling completeness in a desert plant-pollinator network. Journal of Animal Ecology 81: 190-200


46. Vázquez DP, Álvarez JA, Debandi G, Araníbar JN, Villagra PE. Ecological consequences of dead wood extraction in an arid ecosystem. Basic and Applied Ecology 12: 722-732

45. Carrara R, Vázquez DP, Flores G. Habitat specificity can blur the predictions of species-energy theory: a case study of tenebrionid beetles adapted to aridity. Journal of Arid Environments 75: 703-710

44. Dorado J, Vázquez DP, Stevani EL, Chacoff NP. Rareness and specialization in plant-pollinator networks. Ecology 92: 19-25

43. Vázquez DP, Morales CL. Pollination. En: Encyclopedia of Invasive Introduced Species, University of California Press


42. Melián CJ, Alonso D, Vázquez DP, Regetz J, Allesina S. Frequency-dependent selection predicts patterns of radiations and biodiversity. PLoS Computational Biology 6: e1000892.

41. Vázquez DP, Gresser J, Martin J-L. Introduced deer and the pollination and reproduction of an animal-pollinated herb. Botany 88: 110-118.

40. Morris WF, Vázquez DP, Chacoff NP. Benefit and cost curves for typical pollination mutualisms. Ecology 91: 1276-1285.

39. Carrara R, Vázquez DP. Species-energy theory: a role for energy variability. Ecography 33: 942-948.

38. Villalobos AE, Vázquez DP, Martin J-L. Soil disturbance, vegetation cover and the establishment of the exotic shrub Pyracantha coccinea in southern France. Biological Invasions 12: 1023-1029.


37. Vázquez DP, Chacoff N, Cagnolo L. Evaluating multiple determinants of the structure of mutualistic networks. Ecology 90: 2039-2046. See also Appendix and Supplement.

36. Vázquez DP, Blüthgen N, Cagnolo L, Chacoff NP. Uniting pattern and process in plant-animal mutualistic networks: a review. Annals of Botany 103: 1445-1457.

35. Winfree R, Aguilar R, Vázquez DP, LeBuhn G, Aizen MA. How do bees respond to anthropogenic disturbance? A meta-analysis. Ecology 90: 2068-2076.

34. Aschero V, Vázquez DP. Enhanced plant-pollinator interactions and tree reproduction after suppression of anthropogenic degradation in an arid ecosystem. Austral Ecology 34: 901-907.

33. Jordano P, Vázquez DP, Bascompte J. Redes complejas de interacciones mutualistas planta-animal. En: Medel R, Zamora R, Aizen M, Dirzo R (eds.), Interacciones Planta-Animal y la Conservación de la Biodiversidad. CYTED.


32. Vázquez DP, Aschero V, Stevani EL. Livestock grazing, habitat protection and diversity of bees and wasps in the Central Monte desert. Revista de la Sociedad Entomológica Argentina 67: 1-10.

31. Morales JM, Vázquez DP. The effect of space in plant-animal mutualistic networks: insights from a simulation study. Oikos 117: 1362-1370.

30. Blüthgen N, Fründ J, Vázquez DP, Menzel F. What do interaction network metrics tell us about specialization and biological traits? Ecology 89: 3387-3399.


29. Vázquez DP, Melián CJ, Williams NM, Blüthgen N, Krasnov BR, Poulin R. Species abundance and asymmetric interaction strength in ecological networks. Oikos 116: 1120-1127.

28. Vázquez DP. Introduced herbivores and the Allee effect in animal-pollinated plants. Ecología Austral 17: 21-36.

27. Morris WF, Hufbauer RA, Agrawal AA, Bever JD, Borowicz VA, Gilbert GS, Maron JL, Mitchell CE, Parker IM, Power AG, Torchin ME, Vázquez DP. Direct and interactive effects of enemies and mutualists on plant performance: a meta-analysis. Ecology 88: 1021-1029.

26. Kremen C, Williams NM, Aizen MA, Gemmill-Herren B, Lebuhn G, Minckley R, Packer L, Potts SG, Roulston T, Steffan-Dewenter I, Vázquez D, Winfree R, Adams L, Crone EE, Greenleaf SS, Keitt TH, Klein A, Regetz J, Ricketts TH. Pollination and other ecosystem services produced by mobile organisms: a conceptual framework for the effects of land use change. Ecology Letters 10: 299-314.

25. Floeter SR, Vázquez DP, Grutter AS. The macroecology of marine cleaning mutualisms. Journal of Animal Ecology 76: 105-111.


24. Aizen MA, Vázquez DP. Flower functioning in human-altered habitats. Pp. 159-179 en: The Ecology and Evolution of Flowers (Harder LD, Barrett SCH, eds.). Oxford University Press.

23. Aizen MA, Vázquez DP. Flowering phenologies of hummingbird plants from the temperate forest of southern South America: is there evidence of competitive displacement? Ecography 29: 357-366.

22. Mitchell C, Agrawal A, Bever J, Gilbert G, Hufbauer RA, Klironomos J, Maron J, Morris WF, Parker I, Power A, Seabloom E, Torchin M, Vázquez DP. Biotic interactions and plant invasions. Ecology Letters 9: 726-740.

21. Vázquez DP, Aizen MA. Community-wide patterns of specialization in plant-pollinator interactions revealed by null models. Pp. 200-219 in: Plant-pollinator interactions: from specialization to generalization (Waser NM, Ollerton J, eds.). The University of Chicago Press.

20. Vázquez DP. Exploring the relationship between niche breadth and invasion success. Pp. 307-322 en: Conceptual ecology and invasions biology: reciprocal approaches to nature (Cadotte MW, McMahon SM, Fukami T, eds.). Springer.


19. Vázquez DP. Reconsidering the Hutchinsonian niche. Ecología Austral 15: 149-158. [In Spanish] [Award of the Argentine Association of Ecology to the best paper published in 2004-2005 in Ecología Austral.]

18. Vázquez DP, Morris WF, Jordano P. Interaction frequency as a surrogate for the total effect of animal mutualists on plants. Ecology Letters 8: 1088-1094. [Appendix]

17. Vázquez DP, Poulin R, Krasnov, BR, Shenbrot, GI. Species abundance patterns and the distribution of specialization in host–parasite interaction networks. Journal of Animal Ecology 74: 946-955.

16. Vázquez DP. Degree distribution in plant-animal mutualistic networks: forbidden links or random interactions? Oikos 108: 421-426.


15. Vázquez DP, Stevens RD. The latitudinal gradient in niche breadth: concepts and evidence. American Naturalist 164: E1-E19.

14. Vázquez DP, Aizen MA. Asymmetric specialization: a pervasive feature of plant-pollinator interactions. Ecology 85: 1251-1257.

13. Vázquez DP, Simberloff D. Indirect effects of introduced ungulates on pollination and plant reproduction. Ecological Monographs 74: 281–308.


12. Vázquez DP, Simberloff D. Changes in interaction biodiversity induced by an introduced ungulate. Ecology Letters 6: 1077-1083.

11. Wilson WG, Lundberg P, Vázquez DP, Shurin JB, Smith MD, Langford W, Gross KL, Mittelbach GG. Biodiversity and species interactions: extending Lotka-Volterra theory to predict community properties. Ecology Letters 6: 944-952.

10. Vázquez DP, Aizen MA. Null model analyses of specialization in plant-pollinator interactions. Ecology 84: 2493-2501.


9. Vázquez DP. Multiple effects of introduced mammalian herbivores in a temperate forest. Biological Invasions 4: 175-191.

8. Vázquez DP, Aragón R. Introduction [to special issue on biological invasions in southern South America]. Biological Invasions 4: 1-5.

7. Vázquez DP, Simberloff D. Ecological specialization and susceptibility to disturbance: conjectures and refutations. American Naturalist 159: 606-623.

6. Aizen MA, Vázquez DP, Smith-Ramírez C. Natural history of plant-animal mutualisms in the Temperate Forest of Southern South America. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 75: 79-97. [In Spanish.]

5. Collins MD, Vázquez DP, Sanders NJ. Species-area curves, homogenization, and the loss of diversity. Evolutionary Ecology Research 4: 457-464.

2001 and before

4. Vázquez DP, Simberloff D. 2001. Taxonomic selectivity in surviving introduced insects in the United States. In: Biotic Homogenisation: the loss of diversity through invasion and extinction (Lockwood JL, McKinney MM, eds.). Kluwer Academic Press.

3. Vázquez DP, Canale D, Gürtler RE. 1999. Effects of non-susceptible hosts on the intection with Trypanosoma cruzi of the vector Triatoma infestans: an experimental model. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 94: 413-420.

2. Vázquez DP, Gittleman JL. 1998. Biodiversity conservation: does phylogeny matter? Current Biology 8: R379-R381.

1. Gürtler RE, Cecere MC, Vázquez DP, Chuit R, Cohen JE. 1996. Host-feeding patterns of domiciliary Triatoma infestans (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) in Northwest Argentina: seasonal and instar variation. Journal of Medical Entomology 33: 15-26.

Edited special issues of journals

E2. Vázquez DP, Cassini M (eds.). 2005. Special section: The niche, concepts and applications. Ecología Austral 15: 115-158. [In Spanish.]

E1. Vázquez DP, Aragón, R. 2002. Special issue: Biological invasions in southern South America: a first step towards a synthesis. Biological Invasions 4(1-2). [Note: Send me an e-mail if you would like to receive a copy of the whole volume in pdf format.]


T2. Vázquez DP. 2002. Interactions among Introduced Ungulates, Plants, and Pollinators: A Field Study in the Temperate Forest of the Southern Andes. Ph.D. Dissertation. Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville.

T1. Vázquez DP. 1995. Efecto de la presencia de hospedadores no susceptibles en la transmisión del Trypanosoma cruzi al vector Triatoma infestans: Un modelo experimiental. Licence Thesis, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires.

Comentaries, book reviews, etc.

C10. Vázquez DP. 2010. Review of “Catalogue of Bees (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) in the Neotropical Region”, edited by J. S. Moure, D. Urban and G. A. R. Melo. Boletín de la Sociedad Entomológica Argentina 21: 13-14.

C9. Vázquez DP. 2009. Review of “Allee effects in Ecology and Conservation,” by F. Courchamp, L. Berec, J. Gascoigne. Biological Conservation, in press.

C8. Vázquez DP. 2007. On the parsimony of null models of plant-pollinator networks (e-letter). PLoS Biology.

C7. Vázquez DP. 2005. Review of “The structure and dynamics of geographic ranges,” by K. J. Gaston. Biological Conservation 122: 649.

C6. Vázquez DP. 2002. Review of “Cause and Correlation in Biology: A User’s Guide to Path Analysis, Structural Equations and Causal Inference,” by B. Shipley. Boletín de la Asociación Argentina de Ecología. [In Spanish.]

C5. Vázquez DP, McMahon S, Muth NZ, Collins MD. 2002. Review of “The Unified Neutral Theory of Biodiversity and Biogeography,” by S. P. Hubbell. Journal of Expermental Marine Biology and Ecology 269: 249-250.

C4. Vázquez DP. 2002. Review of “Enfoques Contemporáneos para el Estudio de la Biodiversidad,” by Hernández et al. (2001). Biodiversity and Conservation 11: 353-356.

C3. Bininda-Emonds ORP, Vázquez DP, Manne LL. 2000. The calculus of biodiversity: integrating phylogeny and conservation. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 15: 92-94.

C2. Vázquez DP, Collins MD (1999) Interview with Daniel Simberloff [in Spanish]. Boletín de la Asociación Argentina de Ecología 8: 34-38.

CC1. Vázquez DP. 1998. Review of “Endemic bird areas of the world,” by Stattersfield et al. (1998). The Auk 115: 1089-1091.

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